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Gramer Dersleri - Simple Past Tense

Simple past tense

Kullanıldığı Yerler

Simple Past Tense geçmişteki tamamlanmış olayları ifade etmek için kullanılır. Olay zamanı yakın geçmiş de uzak geçmiş de olabilir.

  • John Cabot sailed to America in 1498.
  • My father died last year.
  • He lived in Fiji in 1976.
  • We crossed the Channel yesterday.

Bir şeyin ne zaman gerçekleştiğini ifade ederken her zaman Simple Past Tense kullanılır. Bu yüzden belirli geçmiş zaman ifadeleriyle beraber kullanılır.

  • sıklık: often, sometimes, always
    I sometimes walked home at lunchtime.
    I often brought my lunch to school.
  • belirli bir zaman: last week, when I was a child, yesterday, six weeks ago
    We saw a good film last week.
    Yesterday, I arrived in Geneva.
    She finished her work atseven o'clock
    I went to the theatre last night
  • belirsiz bir zaman: the other day, ages ago, a long time ago
    People lived in caves a long time ago.
  • She played the piano when she was a child.

Not: the word ago is a useful way of expressing the distance into the past. It is placed after the period of time: a week ago, three years ago, a minute ago.

Be Careful: The simple past in English may look like a tense in your own language, but the meaning may be different.

Simple Past Tense Yapısı

Düzenli fiiller için Simple Past Tense yapısı
Subject + verb + ed  
I skipped.  
Subject + did not + infinitive without to
They didn't go.
Did + subject + infinitive without to
Did she arrive?
Olumsuz Soru
Did not + subject + infinitive without to
Didn't you play?
To Walk
Olumlu Olumsuz Soru
I walked I didn't walk Did I walk?
You walked You didn't walk Did you walk?
He walked He didn't walk Did he walk?
We walked We didn't walk Did we walk?
They walked They didn't walk Did they walk?
to be, to have, to do fiillerinin Simple Past Tense hali
Subject Verb
  Be Have Do
I was had did
You were had did
He/She/It was had did
We were had did
You were had did
They were had did

Notes on affirmative, negative, & interrogative forms


The affirmative of the simple past tense is simple.

  • I was in Japan last year
  • She had a headache yesterday.
  • We did our homework last night.
Negative and interrogative

For the negative and interrogative simple past form of "do" as an ordinary verb, use the auxiliary "do", e.g. We didn't do our homework last night.
The negative of "have" in the simple past is usually formed using the auxiliary "do", but sometimes by simply adding not or the contraction "n't".

The interrogative form of "have" in the simple past normally uses the auxiliary "do".

  • They weren't in Rio last summer.
  • We didn't have any money.
  • We didn't have time to visit the Eiffel Tower.
  • We didn't do our exercises this morning.
  • Were they in Iceland last January?
  • Did you have a bicycle when you were young?
  • Did you do much climbing in Switzerland?

Note: For the negative and interrogative form of all verbs in the simple past, always use the auxiliary 'did''.

Simple past, irregular verbs

Some verbs are irregular in the simple past. Here are the most common ones.

to go
  • He went to a club last night.
  • Did he go to the cinema last night?
  • He didn't go to bed early last night.
to give
  • We gave her a doll for her birthday.
  • They didn't give John their new address.
  • Did Barry give you my passport?
to come
  • My parents came to visit me last July.
  • We didn't come because it was raining.
  • Did he come to your party last week?


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